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23 April 2021 ( 2256 views )
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WHAT ARE CALLUSES?

Nasir is called the thickening of the upper skin of the surfaces that are constantly exposed to pressure on the foot to protect itself. Calluses, which are common on the feet, can also be seen on the hands of people who work with their hands. There are two types of calluses.

1-Callus-type calluses: They are flat, flat and do not go too deep calluses that are commonly seen in the pressure areas. There are two types of calluses that are painless or mildly painful.

2-Corn type calluses: These are calluses that root inwards. It is divided into two as hard and soft. Hard corns are formed in the more bony areas of the foot, and soft corns are formed in soft and moist areas such as between the toes. This is the most painful type of callus.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CALLUS?

The hardening of the skin in the area where the calluses are formed is the first symptom. Other symptoms are the thickening, hardening and pain of the thickened area as it is exposed to pressure. However, color changes occur on the skin. Calluses, which can appear as a hard and high lump, can also be dry, hard and rough.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF CALLUS?

Among the causes of callus;

Standing too long,

Increase in body weight

– Wrong shoe choices (heels, non-orthopedic narrow or wide shoes)

Walking too much

Wear shoes without socks

-Various sports activities

– Walking barefoot

Have feet with too much bone

– Certain professions and activities are included.

HOW İS CALLUS DİAGNOSED?

Callus, which is a visible condition, is an easily recognizable skin condition. Having different types and different sizes can be confused with other diseases such as warts. For this reason, patients must be examined by a dermatology specialist. The dermatologist can diagnose callus with a physical examination.

HOW İS THE TREATMENT OF CALLUSES APPLİED?

In the treatment of calluses, there are treatment methods such as callus patches, creams, freezing and mechanical removal of calluses. Callus bands are selected according to the size of the callus. With the medicine contained in the tape, the callus is softened and peeled off. There are a wide variety of callus strips in the market with different durations of use. A specialist should be consulted to choose the most suitable band.

Callus creams, on the other hand, have the feature of softening and peeling the hardened area. In very advanced cases, it may be necessary to remove the callus. In the treatment of very thick and hardened calluses, that area is first softened with various creams and medicines for 7-10 days. Then the calluses are removed from the softened area and cleaned.

In the cryotherapy method, the callus is frozen and destroyed. Cryotherapy is a treatment method applied with nitrogen oxide gas or liquid nitrogen at -190 degrees. There is no anesthesia in the area to be treated before. This method is mainly applied to soft calluses. Soft calluses are mostly seen between the fingers and their upper parts are white. It mainly occurs between the fourth toe of the foot and the little toe. Cryotherapy gives successful results in these calluses. Cryotherapy is also applied to hard calluses, but the hard and thickened area must be thinned and shaved with some drugs.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTİONS ABOUT CALLUSES 

-Nasir is seen mostly in which regions

Calluses are mostly seen on the heel of the foot, between the toes, especially between the fourth toe and the little toe.

What are the consequences of calluses that are not treated on time?

If the callus is not treated in a timely manner, it can lead to even greater problems. Over time, it may appear as a hard, raised lump, or as a dry, hard and rough. As pressure and pressure increase in untreated calluses, the pain it causes may increase.

– What should be considered after the treatment?

Appropriate shoes should be preferred to prevent recurrence after callus treatment, and protectors that prevent recurrence of calluses should be used.

How should the shoe preferences of people who have undergone vascular treatment?

The choice of shoes of people who have received callus treatment should be wide toe, orthopedic, not too high heels, soft skin, and the inner part of the shoe should not be too slippery and hard. However, it should be shaped to support the natural structure of the foot, namely the foot arches. There should be half a centimeter space between the longest toe of the foot and the tip of the shoe. Continuing to wear large or squeezing shoes that do not fit the anatomical structure of the foot causes the recurrence of calluses.

-What should be done to avoid repeating the scalp

In order to prevent recurrence of callus, it is absolutely necessary to remove the pressure and pressure in that area. If the pressure and pressure is still happening in the areas where the callus is cleaned, it is inevitable to recur the callus. If the callus is spread to the heel of the foot, silicone insoles should definitely be used and the pressure in that area should be reduced. For calluses recurring between the fingers, silicone protectors that can also be attached to the toes should be used.

-What does a nautical band do?

The medicines in the callus strip treat the callus by peeling off the hardened dead layer on the callus. It is important to choose a band according to the size of the callus so that the drug contained in the band does not damage the healthy and vibrant skin.

– How many days is the straw band used?

The callus patch should be removed 2 or 3 days after the nasal application.

-Is nausea contagious?

Calluses are not contagious as they are not caused by any bacteria or virus.

– Is the pedicure procedure used in the treatment of calluses?

Pedicure is not a treatment for calluses. However, removing healthy skin along with calluses during pedicure may cause inflammation and wounds. Pedicure can do more harm to nazareth. How should not be intervened at home or in hairdressing salons, callus treatment should be done by a dermatologist in hospitals.

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